Luis Carlos Ramos Aguila, Liande Wang Temperature-Dependent Demography and Population Projection of Tamarixia radiata (Hymenoptera: Eulophidea) reared on Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Liviidae)[J] Journal of Economic Entomology

  发布时间: 2019-11-04   信息员:   


Tamarixia radiata Waterson (Hymenoptera: Eulophidea) is the principal natural enemy used for the control of the major citrus pest Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae). In this study, we collected the life-history data of T. radiata at four different temperatures (20, 27.5, 30, and 35°C) and analyzed them by using the age-stage, two-sex life table. The longest preadult developmental time (16.53 d) was observed at 20°C, whereas the shortest one was 7.29 d at 35°C. The preadult development rate was well-fitted to a linear equation. The lower threshold temperature (T0) was 7.85°C and the thermal summation (K) was 193.36 degree-day. The highest fecundity (F) was 322.7 eggs per female was at 27.5°C, whereas the lowest one was 10.8 eggs per female at 35°C. The net reproductive rate (R0) were 70.97, 169.42, 55.70, and 3.25 offspring at 20, 27.5, 30, and 35°C, respectively; the intrinsic rate of increase (r) were 0.1401, 0.3167, 0.3517, and 0.1143 d−1, respectively. The highest values of fecundity, net reproductive rate, intrinsic rate of increase, and finite rate of increase were observed at 27.5°C. The relationships among FR0Nf, and N in all treatments were consistent with R0=F×(Nf/N)R0=F×(Nf/N). The age of peak reproductive value was close to the total preoviposition period in all treatments. Population projections based on the age–stage, two-sex life table showed the dynamics of stage structure and its variability. Faster population growth was observed at 27.5 and 30°C.


Diaphorina citritwo-sex life tabletemperatureTamarixia radiatapopulation projection